Home Arts and Crafts: Modelling, Woodcarving, Leather Decoration, Metal Work, etc.

Home Arts and Crafts: Modelling, Woodcarving, Leather Decoration, Metal Work, etc.
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Product Information

Originally published in the 1900s, Home Arts and Crafts shows how to teach yourself modelling in clay, modelling in gesso, wood carving, fret sawing, poker work, pyrogravure, leather decoration, saw-piercing, etching on metal, metal hammering, bent-iron work, applied design, ornament, wall-paper designing, textile designing, tile designing, damaged china restoring, "grangerising", taxidermy, etc., featuring numerous illustrations and working drawings.

Contents Covered:

  • Modelling
    • Modelling in Clay
      • Materials and Appliances
      • Working from the Cast
      • Working from Life: The full-length figure -- The stand for a bust -- The draped figure -- Proportions -- The statuette
    • Modelling in China Clay: Useful for small figures made to be fired -- Tinted clays -- Modelling in low relief
    • Modelling in Wax: Modelling wax -- "Composite Clay," a substitute
    • Modelling (Painting) in Gesso: A composition of whiting and size, resembling putty -- Attaches itself to any surface -- Very pliant -- Tinted and gilded gesso -- Metallic lacquers
    • Plaster Casts
      • From the Clay Model
      • From Life
      • Gelatine Moulds for Plaster Casts
  • Wood-Carving
    • Chip (Notch) Carving: The most elementary form of wood-carving -- Woods -- For a first attempt -- Finishing -- Polishing
    • Tools and Appliances: Made-up "Sets for Amateurs" to be avoided -- Transfer paper -- Carver's bench -- Tool chest -- "Holdfast" and "Bench Screw" -- "Bench Bolts"
    • Preliminary Practice -- Care Of Tools
    • Surface Decoration: "Dragon" or "Viking" style, perhaps, most artistic kind of surface carving -- Suitable for rulers, paper-knives, tea-trays, etc.
    • Relief Carving: Simple exercises for beginners -- Finishing with raw linseed oil -- Polishing -- Stamped backgrounds -- A Gothic dado rail -- The cardboard "Mould" -- Decoration of edges of shelves -- Diaper designs valuable in places of secondary importance, the more prominent spaces and panels being reserved for decoration of more character
    • Carving in the Round: Lancewood excellent for the purpose -- How two spoons may be carved from a single block -- The fretwork "horse" -- Shaping the bowl and handle -- Heads for walking-stick handles
  • Fret-Sawing
    • Misapplication of the craft -- The only suitable designs are geometrical, or natural forms conventionally treated -- Fret-cut panels for insertion in joiners' work more appropriate than articles made up wholly of fret-work -- How to use the tools -- Finishing
  • Pyrogravure
    • Evolution of "Poker Work": Originally done on wood, with small red-hot kitchen poker; then with a set of poker-like points, and, finally, with heated platinum points -- Pyrography is more allied to etching than painting
    • Tools and Materials: Platinum the best metal for pyrogravure, no other having its peculiar quality of absorbing the heat conveyed by hydrocarbon vapour obtained from benzoline -- Pattern points to be had in great variety -- The wood -- Polishing best done by rubbing in pure linseed oil -- Dye staining -- Gilding and silvering -- Treating with hot sand
    • Application of the Platinum Point: The point may be continuously heated and regulated by means of a little hand-bellows attached to machine specially made for the purpose
    • Pyrogravure on Leather: The burnt line differs considerably from that on wood -- Excellent for leather bookbindings, and, on white or brown kid, for ornamentation of small leather domestic articles
    • Treatment of Some Designs
    • Pyrogravure in Interior Decoration: Not only furniture, mantelpieces and the like, but ceiling, walls, doors, and even flooring may be so decorated
    • Glass Pyrogravure: Effect similar to that of etching on glass with acid -- Special point, with inner appliances to keep it at white heat, necessary -- Very hard glass only available
  • Leather Decoration
    • Stamping -- Gilding -- Painting: Tools and appliances -- Oil colours mixed with varnishes to correspond, applied with sable brushes -- The varnishes and oil colours
    • Boiled Leather Work -- The "Cuir Bouilli" of the Middle Ages -- The leather when quite soft is pressed into moulds and finally shaped with wood or bone implements -- Bookbinders' and brass-workers' stamps and punches also used -- Painting, silvering, gilding, etc.
    • Bookbindings: The Mosaic mode -- Tooling
    • Lincrusta and Anaglypta Decoration: Both materials may be decorated in the manner of leather
  • Metal Work
    • Saw-Piercing: Metal is scarcely more difficult than wood to work with the fret-saw. -- Cut or sawed metal useful for strap-hinges and lock-plates -- Polished with powdered pumice-stone and finished with rotten stone
    • Etching on Metal
    • Hammered Metal
      • Materials -- Annealing: Selection of the Metal
      • Tools and Appliances: The rawhide mallet -- The tracers -- Raising tools -- The cement or pitch block -- The cushion -- Blow lamp -- Spatula, or smoothing iron, etc.
      • Preparations for Work: Preparing the metal -- Attaching it to the cement block
      • Transferring the Design
      • The First Attempt: The tracing or outlining
      • Flat chasing
      • Raising and modelling
      • Finishing
      • The background
      • Textures
      • Raising from the back
      • Lacquering
    • Bent- and Light Wrought-Iron Work: Bent-iron work in its simplest form is light, and easily within scope of the amateur -- Known as "Venetian Ribbon Work," and practised by young ladies -- Sheet-iron work heavier and rather complicated; more suitable for amateur artisan
  • Applied Design
    • Preparatory Study: Elements of design -- What is applied design -- Can one become a designer by studying at home? -- Floral and plant study, very important -- Constant exercise in outline-drawing of plant forms necessary -- Floral analysis -- Literature of art -- Two valuable textbooks
    • Natural and Conventional Ornament: Geometrical groundwork the common element in all good design -- Each handicraft has its peculiar limitations and differences in conventionalising -- The outline of the cloisonné enamel workman, the decorative lead lines in painted glass, the "couched" outline in embroidery -- One can depart far from a natural form without sacrificing the beauty of the motive
    • The Construction of Ornament: The ornamentist can classify all pattern work according to its structure -- The skeletons that underlie the whole mass of repeated patterns are very few -- The "Drop" match, a device to avoid the monotony of a series of checkers -- The "Plain" Match -- The "Turnabout" match -- How to prove a design
    • Wall-Paper Designing: Manufacturers generally prefer simple patterns conventionally treated to floral and other naturalistic patterns needing many printings -- Things to avoid -- Dimensions of a design -- The "Repeat" -- The device of "Stepping"
    • Textile Designing: The three ways of applying a pattern to a fabric -- Four effects or shades may be gained using only black - Carpets classified for designing purposes -- The design or "point" paper -- No amount of good ornament in a carpet will compensate for bad colour
    • Tile Designing: Classification of designs for tiles -- Study of manufacturers' illustrated books of specimen patterns will give intending designers much information -- The smaller manufacturers most likely buyers of designs by outsiders
    • Preparations of Working Designs: Any mechanical means permissible -- The design must be full working size -- Ruled or "point" paper necessary for carpets, oil-cloths, and certain woven fabrics, but not employed for designs for wall-paper, woven silk fabrics, or cretonnes, or printed fabrics -- How the" Distemper" colours are prepared -- Wall-paper designs -- Carpet designs -- Silken fabric designs -- Book-cover designs ("cloth" bindings) made in pen-and-ink on white Bristol board, from which a metal "process" block is reproduced as a die
  • Miscellaneous
    • Retouching Photographers' Negatives
    • Restoration of Damaged China
    • "Extra-Illustrating" or "Grangerising"
    • Taxidermy
      • Skinning and Preparing Birds
      • Mounting
      • Insect Taxidermy
Format: PDF Digital Reprint, e-Facsimile
No. of Pages: 151
Page Size: A4 (210mm × 297mm)
Download Size: 40.6 MB
Product Code HOM7P8B69